Langdon, Paul E., 2nd Lt Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Second Lieutenant
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
M 1081-Pilot, B-25
Last AFSC Group
USAAF
Last Unit
1944-1945, M 1081, 345th Bombardment Group, Medium - Air Apaches
Service Years
1942 - 1945
Second Lieutenant

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
Ohio
Ohio
Year of Birth
1924
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Carthage, Ohio
Last Address
San Marcelino Airfield, Philippines

Casualty Date
Apr 28, 1945
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Land
Location
Vietnam
Conflict
Wars and Conflicts/World War II
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Military Association Memberships
World War II FallenMilitary Order of the Purple Heart
  2014, World War II Fallen
  2014, Military Order of the Purple Heart - Assoc. Page
  2014, Military Order of the Purple Heart - Assoc. Page

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  1944-1945, M 1081, 345th Bombardment Group, Medium - Air Apaches

Second Lieutenant
From Month/Year
- / 1944
To Month/Year
- / 1945
Unit
345th Bombardment Group, Medium - Air Apaches Unit Page
Rank
Second Lieutenant (1700-Present)
MOS
M 1081-Pilot, B-25
Location
Palawan Island
Country/State
Philippines
   
 Patch
 345th Bombardment Group, Medium - Air Apaches Details

345th Bombardment Group, Medium - Air Apaches







The 345th Bomb Group was first activated at Columbia Army Air Base, South Carolina, in November of 1942, with flight crew training beginning in December of that same year. They trained there for five months before moving to Walterboro, S.C., for final preparation before deployment overseas. It was here in Walterboro that the four squadrons that made up the 345th adopted their nicknames, the 498th became the FALCONS, the 499TH , BATS OUTA HELL, the 500th,ROUGH RAIDERS, and the 501ST became the BLACK PANTHERS. Originally the 345th was to deploy to England, however, Maj. Gen. George C. Kenney had successfully pleaded for more B-25's to be deployed to the Pacific. This was accomplished in part thanks to the recent success that B-25's had in the Battle of the Bismark sea. In April of 1943 the 345th headed west to the southwest pacific theater. After a brief stop in Australia, the 345th set up camp at the air bases of Port Moresby, New Guinea, becoming the first full Air Force combat Group sent the Pacific in World War II.August of 1943 began the conversion from level bomber to the ‚??strafer‚?? role that the 345th would become famous for. This conversion entailed the removal of the bottom turret which was replaced with an extra gas tank, and the three hand-held machine guns manned by the bombardier-navigator were removed and the ‚??greenhouse‚?? nose was rebuilt to accommodate four forward-firing .50-caliber machine guns. Two side-pack machine guns were added on each side of the lower fuselage just aft of the cockpit, giving the plane eight new fifty-caliber machine guns in addition to the twin fifties in the top turret and tail, and single fifties at the waist positions. Later versions would bring the total forward firing capabilities to 14 forward firing .50 caliber machine guns that would make the superstructure of an enemy ship dissolve as the armor-piercing incendiary projectiles melted it. During the 26 months that the 345th was in combat, 58,562 combat hours on 10,609 strikes were made. 58,000 bombs with a total weight of 6340 tons were dropped and over twelve-and-a-half million rounds of ammunition were expended. They were credited with sinking 260 enemy vessels and damaging 275 others. They destroyed 260 Japanese planes on the ground and another 107 in aerial combat. Its units won four Distinguished Unit Citations, including one for an unescorted raid on Rabaul in October of 1943. This record came at a high cost, 712 men dead from all causes, 580 killed on flights. Another 111 men were killed on November 12th, 1944, when Kamikaze's attacked the SS Nelson and SS Waite in Leyte Gulf. Most of these men were ground personnel waiting for the 345th to be moved ashore to their new home in the Philippines. 177 planes were also lost. In all, the 345th participated in nine major campaigns in the Asia-Pacific Theater, these included the New Guinea, Bismark Archipelago, Northern Solomons, Southern Philippines, Luzon, Western Pacific, China Defensive, China Offensive, and Air Offensive against Japan. The 345th became one of the most decorated units of the war.In August of 1945, the Air Apaches were given the great honor of intercepting and escorting the two Japanese ‚??Betty‚?? bombers that were transporting the peace emissaries who were to initiate the Japanese surrender. The Group was officially deactivated at Camp Stoneman, Ca., on December 29th, 1945, after just over three years of existence.


 

 















B-25D-5 "Near Miss/Hilda"
Unit: 498th BS, 345th BG, USAAF
Serial: 41-30026
The plane of 1st Lt.Roy F.Turk. Port Moresby, October 1943.





B-25D-5 "Red Wrath"
Unit: 498th BS, 345th BG, USAAF
Serial: 41-30024
Dobodura, New Guinea during 1944. Four 50 caliber machine guns poke through the over painted nose glazing. Early style package guns are on the fuselage sides while waist and tail guns have been added in the field.






B-25D-5 "Hell's Belles"
Unit: 499th BS, 345th BG, USAAF
Serial: 130 (41-30019)
Crew CO/pilot - 1st Lt.Kenneth D.McClure. Port Moresby, New Guinea, November 1943.






B-25D-10 "Hell's Fire"
Unit: 500th BS "Rough Raiders", 345th BG, USAAF
Serial: 41-30278
New Guinea, 1944



B-25J-11-NA "Sag Harbor Express"
Unit: 499th BS, 345th BG, USAAF
Serial: 030
Tacloban, Philippine Islands, January 1945. The a/c fitted with a standard bombardier nose. The art covered most of the glass, and two additional machine guns were installed on the left side of the nose.





"Lazy Daisy Mae"







"Tinkie" was a B-25D-10, #41-30315, assigned to the 498th Bomb Squadron of the 345th Bomb Group in January, 1944. Piloted by Col. Clinton True till her transfer to the 345 B.G.'s 500th Bomb Squadron in early April, -44, she flew many missions in the Southwest Pacific. 1/Lt James Waggle was her pilot in the 500th, where she racked up several more missions before the disastrous April 16 mission to Hollandia. Over 200 planes were launched, but bad weather closed in behind and over 30 B-25s became lost and were assumed to have crashed.
"Tinkie" was among these...






A B-25 J-22 ground strafer
based in the Phillipines in 1945.



 








Raid on the China Coast‚?? depicts Lady Lil of the Air Apaches 345th Bomb Group, 498th Bomb Squadron. A B-25 is attacking Japanese shipping off the coast of China, April 1945. Pilot: Lt. Albert J. Beiga. The Raid was between Amoy and Swatow, west of Formosa.















 


























 
























 


Garrison/Combat
Combat
Active Duty/Reserve
Active Duty
Type
Combat - Bomber Units
Existing/Disbanded
Existing
Parent Unit
Bombardment Units
Strength
Group
Created/Owned By
Johnson, Mike 13
   

Last Updated: Apr 28, 2014
   
   
My Photos For This Unit
Lt. Paul Langdon
 
 0 Wingmen Assigned To This Unit:
 
 1 Member Also There with AFSC/MOS Code M 1081:
 
 4 Other Members:
  • Goldman, Jacob (Hank), 1st Lt, 1946
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