Last Known Activity
There are few records concerning the life and activities of Major Edward Graf Schultz. The ones that do exist are collected within a research paper authored by his son. The following is excerpted from those notes.
Edward Graf Schultz was born in 1898 in New Jersey. (www.findagrave has April 4, 1896.) He first learned to fly in 1915, and soloed in the 1911 Wright Flyer of the Wright Brothers in 1916. He is listed in the National Air Museum as an "Early Bird," one who "flew a glider, gas balloon, or plane prior to December 17, 1916."
There are undocumented accounts that he flew with the Royal Flying Corps and the U.S. Army Air Corps in World War I. He supposedly was a Captain in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve for 11 years, serving as a pilot and commanding officer in a fighter unit in the Pacific until his retirement in 1939. There is also an account of him serving time in Leavenworth Prison (8 years of a life sentence for seditious activities in WWI.) Then he supposedly flew flying boats for Pan American Airways in the late 1920-1930s. One account relates that he taught pilot training in the Civilian Pilot Training Program for the military at the University of Georgia as well as at State Teachers College in Missouri. No documentation has been found to substantiate this, but all is taken from the research paper.
When Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941, Schultz requested active duty with the USMC, but was told he was too old and only fit to train pilots. He managed to join the USAAF and was given the rank of Major. He was assigned to the Air Transport Command, but he wanted a combat assignment. Allegedly, he called in a few due favors and was then trained as pilot on the B-24, and later assigned to the 373rd Bomb Squadron of the 308th Bomb Group operating out of Chinese air fields. In addition to flying duties, he was also the Executive Officer of the 308th BG.
On July 29, 1943, Schultz flew as co-pilot on a bombing raid of the Hong Kong dock yards. The aircraft required three runs across the target to drop the entire bomb load. Flak was encountered, but it was minor. As the aircraft attempted to return to base, it was evident there was not sufficient fuel to make the base at Yangkai, so the crew was ordered to bail out.
A Chinese Air Force observer, Lt. Hsu Tung Chow, accidentally deployed his parachute while in the plane. Electing to make a dead-stick landing in a rice paddy, Schultz and the pilot, Capt William Chenowith, rode the aircraft to the ground. While making a landing, the aircraft struck a paddy dike, crushing the front of the aircraft and killing all three men.
Major Edward Graf Schultz was buried in Arlington National Cemetery in Section 12, Site 3126.
Note: Because of the lack of records and supporting documents concerning life before the 308th Bomb Group assignment, activities and medals are merely supposition or taken at face value from the research paper noted.
The aircraft involved in this incident was B-24 #42-40848, nicknamed "Flamingo." There is no Missing Air Crew Report, but there is a notation in the USAAF Accident Log for this incident. Eight men bailed out successfully; three were killed.
According to the crew loading list, the regular co-pilot did not fly the mission, but was replaced by Schultz. The entire crew was listed as:
Capt William Chenowith p
Maj Edward G. Schultz c-p
Lt Clune J. Clifford nav
Lt Donald B. Duffey bomb
TSgt Charles P. Yelton eng
TSgt Russell A. Giles r/o
SSgt Edward Pawlick asst eng
SSgt Milton A. McGee asst r/o
SSgt Max C. Elder armorer
SSgt Francis J. Meaney armorer
(Chinese AF observer not listed)
The crew photograph of this crew lists McGee, Elder, and Meaney as gunners.