Black, Vance Eugen, Lt Col

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Last Rank
Lieutenant Colonel
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
AAF MOS 1024-Pilot, Four-Engine Aircraft
Last AFSC Group
Pilot (Officer)
Primary Unit
1951-1951, AAF MOS 1024, POW North Korea
Service Years
1940 - 1951
Officer Collar Insignia
Lieutenant Colonel

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

Home State
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SMSgt James E. Franklin to remember Black, Vance Eugen, Lt Col.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Nov 01, 1951
Hostile, Died while Captured
Illness, Disease
Korea, North
Korean War
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Associations and Other Affiliations
Korean War FallenState of Ohio Korean War Memorial
  2013, Korean War Fallen
  2016, State of Ohio Korean War Memorial [Verified]

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 Ribbon Bar

Aviator (Command)

 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
15th Air Force98th Bombardment Group, Heavy345th Bombardment Squadron, MediumPrisoner Of War (POW)
  1950-1951, AAF MOS 1024, Headquarters, 15th Air Force
  1950-1951, AAF MOS 1024, 98th Bombardment Group, Heavy
  1950-1951, AAF MOS 1024, 345th Bombardment Squadron, Medium
  1951-1951, AAF MOS 1024, POW North Korea
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1950-1953 Korean War
  1951-1951 Korean War/First UN Counteroffensive (1951)
 My Aircraft/Missiles
B-29 Superfortress  
  1950-1951, B-29 Superfortress
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
n his first interview, Colonel Korotkov stated that he had interviewed a U.S. officer, LTC Black. We believe that this may have been USAF LTC Vance Eugene Black who was reported by other POWs to have died of mistreatment and malnutrition in a North Korean POW camp.F55 Another retired Soviet officer, GRU Colonel Aleksandr Semyonovich Orlov, stated that he had arranged for an interview by a Pravda correspondent with LTC Vance Black.F56 In his subsequent interview with MG Loeffke, Colonel Korotkov denied having interrogated LTC Black, stating that he perhaps we had confused the name with a black POW. Task Force Russia interviewers, however, were adamant that he had been referring to

54 Amembassy Moscow Message, 241259Z Aug 92 Subject: POW/MIA Team Interview with Colonel Korotkov.

55 Lieutenant Colonel Vance Eugene Black, assinged to the headquarters of the l9th Air Force, was on a B-29 of the 98th Bomb Group that was shot down by enemy flak on 2 May 1951 over Pyongyang, North Korea. He died in captivity on or about 1 November l951. His death was witnessed by 1Lt Robert J. O'Shea, USMC. Lt. Col. Black died of mistreatment, and starvation at the infamous North Korean POW camp called "Pak's Palace".

56 Amembassy Moscow Message, 151645Z Oct 92, Subject: POW/MIA: POW/MIA Team Interview With Colonel (Ret) Orlov. See also Pravda Special Correspondent, "The Way of Interventionists," Pravda, 14 August 1951, p. 4 translated in TFR 31-1). Colonel Orlov stated that LTC Black was considered a suitable subject for interview because of his position as a staff officer.

Name: Vance Eugene Black
Birth Date: 15 Aug 1916
Birth City: Fairfax
State Registered: Oklahoma
Death Date: 1 Nov 1951
Death Country: Korea
Death Description: Died while Prisoner of War
WAR: Korean War
Title: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Air Force
Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
Service: U.S. Air Force
Service ID: 4197A
Notes: Lieutenant Colonel Black was a veteran of World War II. In Korea, he was a member of Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron, 15th Air Force. On May 7, 1951, he was a aircraft commander of "Shady Lady", a B-29A Superfortress Bomber with the 345th Bomber Squadron, 98th Bomber Wing. While on a bombing mission over Pyongyang, North Korea, the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire and lost a wing. Several parachutes were seen leaving the plane. He was taken Prisoner of War and died while a prisoner on November 1, 1951. His remains were not recovered. For his leadership and valor, Lieutenant Colonel Black was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal with 4 Oak Leaf Clusters, the Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Prisoner of War Medal, the Korean Service Medal, the United Nations Service Medal, the National Defense Service Medal, the Korean Presidential Unit Citation and the Republic of Korea War Service Medal.
Data Source: Korean War Veterans Honor Roll

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