Brugge, Byron Elias, Col

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Colonel
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
AAF MOS 2140-Air Liaison Officer, Staff
Last AFSC Group
Branch Immaterial (Officer)
Primary Unit
1944-1945, POW Japan
Service Years
1934 - 1945
Colonel

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

31 kb

Home State
New York
New York
Year of Birth
1911
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Sgt Sgt. D.L. Kimbrow ("Skip") to remember Brugge, Byron Elias, Col.

If you knew or served with this Airman and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Tampa, Florida
Last Address
Japan

Casualty Date
Mar 04, 1945
 
Cause
Hostile, Died while Captured
Reason
Intentional Homicide
Location
Japan
Conflict
World War II/China-India-Burma Theater/India-Burma Campaign (1942-45)
Location of Interment
Koishikawa Army Cemetery - Koishikawa, Japan
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  1945, World War II Fallen

 Photo Album   (More...


 Ribbon Bar


Senior Pilot Badge


 
 Unit Assignments
73rd Bombardment Wing, HeavyXXI Bomber CommandPOW Japan
  1943-1944, AAF MOS 2140, 73rd Bombardment Wing, Heavy
  1944-1944, AAF MOS 2140, 73rd Bombardment Wing, Heavy
  1944-1944, AAF MOS 2140, XXI Bomber Command
  1944-1945, POW Japan
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1944-1944 World War II/Asian-Pacific Theater/Air Offensive Campaign Japan (1942-45)
 Colleges Attended 
United States Military Academy
  1930-1934, United States Military Academy
 My Aircraft/Missiles
B-29 Superfortress  
  1943-1944, B-29 Superfortress
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Colonel Byron Brugge was a graduate of West Point, class of 1934.  

Notes:  In 1930, he was a private serving at Mitchell Field, Hempstead, Nassau, New York. He was trained as a pilot serving at Hamilton Field, California in 1936 and then at the Air Corps Tactical School at Chanute Field in 1937.

In 1943, Colonel Byron Brugge was Deputy Chief of Staff for Operation, 73rd Bomb Wing during its training prior to service in the Pacific.  

On 3 December 1944, he flew on mission #10 from Saipan, serving as a flight observer on a B-29 mission over Nakajima Aircraft Factory at Ota near Tokyo. His aircraft, a B-29-40-BW  named the "Rosalia Rocket" (Serial Number 42-24656), took off from Isley Field, Saipan on 3 December 1944.

The aircraft was part of the 881st Bombardment Squadron, 500th Bombardment Group.

The aircraft was shot down over the northern part of Tokyo at about 24,000 feet by a Japanese Zeke 32 Hamp (Mitsubishi A6M3 Zero).

Colonel Brugge successfully bailed out of the aircraft and was captured by the Japanese and interred in a Japanese prison in Tokyo.  He was severely beaten and abused for some time as he would not reveal any details to them.  He subsequently died of that treatment sometime between 20 February 1945 and 3 April 1945, according to the testimony of the bomber commander, Major Robert Goldsworthy.

Colonel Brugge was cremated and buried at the Koishikawa army cemetery.

Crew:
Colonel Richard T. King, Group Commander, 500th Bomb Group, command pilot (Survived)
Col. Byron E. Brugge, intelligence officer
Major Robert F. Goldsworthy, pilot (Survived)
1st Lt. Benjamin F. Edwards, co-pilot
1st Lt.Walter J. Patykula, bombardier
1st Lt. Henry H. Warde, flight engineer
SSgt.James P. Corrigan, tail gunner
SSgt. Carl T. Wells, Jr., radar operator
Sgt. Thomas M. Goffery, rt. gunner
Sgt. John A. Wright, radio operator
Cpl. Robert R. Abel, ring gunner
Cpl. Harold J. Schroeder, lft. gunner (Survived)

Colonel Brugge left a wife and two children at his death.
   
Comments/Citation
Notes/Links:

 Note:  Colonel Brugge's death is listed as 4 March 1945 by the USMA.

Text:  Major Bernard V. Moore, II, USAF, The Secret Air War over France:  USAAF Special Operations Units in the French Campaign of 1944: A Historical Case Study of the Role of AIr Force Special Operations Forces in High Intensity Conflict , Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 1993, pp. 18-19.  (quote regarding his role in 1943-4 in ETO campaign)

Text: Frank L. Grube, Z Square 7: A B-29 True Story, 2005.
Text:  F.J. Bradley, No Strategic Targets Left, 1999.
Text:  73rd Bombardment Wing, Turner Publishing, 2000, pp. 11+
Text: Koji Takai and Henry Sakaida, B-29 Hunters of the JAAF,  Osprey, 2001, pp.36-7 (photos, etc. Japanese perspective on this shoot down)

Document:  Missing Air Crew Report No. 10458

http://www.west-point.org/users/usma1934/9962/
http://www.warmemorial.columbia.edu/byron-e-brugge
http://www.west-point.org/family/japanese-pow/Hudson%20Files/USMA%20Deceased.htm http://www.powmiaff.org/20thAAF/500thBG/881stSq/RosaliaRocket/mcr.html http://www.powmiaff.org/20thAAF/500thBG/881stSq/RosaliaRocket/index.html http://rwebs.net/avhistory/history/zeke32.htm http://www.powmiaff.org/20thAAF/500thBG/881stSq/RosaliaRocket/page3.html http://www.powmiaff.org/20thAAF/500thBG/881stSq/RosaliaRocket/brugge.html http://www.powmiaff.org/20thAAF/500thBG/881stSq/RosaliaRocket/page2.html http://www.pacificwrecks.com/aircraft/b-29/42-24656.html (detailed information regarding the loss of this aircraft)
http://www.powmiaff.org/20thAAF/500thBG/881stSq/RosaliaRocket/king.html

http://www.us-japandialogueonpows.org/Goldsworthy.htm

Note:  He was the son-in-law of Major General Clarence L. Tinker also profiled on this site.
   
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