Carswell, Horace Seaver, Jr., Maj

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Major
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
M 1092-Pilot, B-24
Last AFSC Group
USAAF
Primary Unit
1944-1944, M 1092, 308th Bombardment Group, Heavy
Service Years
1940 - 1944
Major

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

13 kb

Home State
Texas
Texas
Year of Birth
1916
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSgt Robert Bruce McClelland, Jr. to remember Carswell, Horace Seaver, Jr., Maj.

If you knew or served with this Airman and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Fort Worth and San Angelo, Texas
Last Address
Chengkung Airfield, China

Casualty Date
Oct 26, 1944
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Land
Location
South China Sea
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Oakwood Cemetery - Fort Worth, Texas
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Carswell Memorial Park

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 Unit Assignments
Aviation Cadet Flight SchoolUS Air ForceAir Training CommandXX Bomber Command
Air Force Training Wings356th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy (Very Heavy)374th Bombardment Squadron, Medium308th Bombardment Group, Heavy
  1940-1940, M 0273, Aviation Cadet Flight School
  1940-1941, M 0273, Army Air Forces Central Instructors School (CIS)
  1941-1942, M 0273, Headquarters, Air Training Command
  1942-1942, M 1091, XX Bomber Command/Headquarters
  1942-1942, M 1024, 76th Flying Training Wing
  1943-1943, M 1092, 356th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy (Very Heavy)
  1943-1944, M 1060, 302nd Bombardment Group (Heavy)
  1944-1944, M 1092, 374th Bombardment Squadron, Medium
  1944-1944, M 1092, 308th Bombardment Group, Heavy
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1944-1944 World War II/Asian-Pacific Theater
  1944-1944 World War II/Asian-Pacific Theater/Air Offensive Campaign Japan (1942-45)
 Colleges Attended 
Texas A&M UniversityTexas Christian University
  1934-1935, Texas A&M University
  1935-1939, Texas Christian University
 My Aircraft/Missiles
B-17 Flying Fortress  B-24 Liberator  
  1942-1942, B-17 Flying Fortress
  1942-1944, B-24 Liberator
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
He left a wife and son at his passing. He was first interred in the Catholic mission in Tungchen, China. He was later reinterred in Fort Worth. He is also memorialized in several ways, on the Medal of Honor Monument at the Texas State Cemetery in Austin, a plaque at the Corps of Cadets Center and a display at the student center at Texas A&M University, Carswell Avenues at Elmendorf AFB, AK and Lackland AFB, TX, and Fort Worth AAF was renamed Carswell AFB in his honor Feb 27, 1948.

His Medal of Honor citation:

Awarded for actions during World War II
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pride in presenting the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) to Major (Air Corps) Horace Seaver Carswell, Jr. (ASN: 0-399757), United States Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a B-24 bomber from the 374th Bombardment Squadron, 308th Bombardment Group (H), Fourteenth Air Force, in a one-plane strike against a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea on the night of 26 October 1944. Taking the enemy force of twelve ships escorted by at least two destroyers by surprise, he made one bombing run at 600 feet, scoring a near miss on one warship and escaping without drawing fire. He circled and, fully realizing that the convoy was thoroughly alerted and would meet his next attack with a barrage of anti-aircraft fire, began a second low-level run which culminated in two direct hits on a large tanker. A hail of steel from Japanese guns riddled the bomber, knocking out two engines, damaging a third, crippling the hydraulic system, puncturing one gasoline tank, ripping uncounted holes in the aircraft, and wounding the copilot; but by magnificent display of flying skill, Major Carswell controlled the plane's plunge toward the sea and carefully forced it into a halting climb in the direction of the China shore. On reaching land, where it would have been possible to abandon the staggering bomber, one of the crew discovered that his parachute had been ripped by flak and rendered useless; the pilot, hoping to cross mountainous terrain and reach a base, continued onward until the third engine failed. He ordered the crew to bail out while he struggled to maintain altitude, and, refusing to save himself, chose to remain with his comrade and attempt a crash landing. He died when the airplane struck a mountainside and burned. With consummate gallantry and intrepidity, Major Carswell gave his life in a supreme effort to save all members of his crew. His sacrifice. far beyond that required of him, was in keeping with the traditional bravery of America's war heroes.
General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 14 (February 4, 1946)

Action Date: October 26, 1944

Service: Army Air Forces

Rank: Major

Company: 374th Bombardment Squadron

Regiment: 308th Bombardment Group (H)

Division: 14th Air Force
 
   
Comments/Citation
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