Howard, James Howell, Brig Gen

Deceased
 
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Last Rank
Brigadier General
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
AAF MOS 1065-Fighter Unit Commander
Last AFSC Group
Pilot (Officer)
Primary Unit
1948-1948, 96th Bombardment Wing, Heavy
Service Years
1937 - 1966
Officer Collar Insignia
Brigadier General

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

45 kb

Home Country
China
China
Year of Birth
1913
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSgt Harry McCown (Mac) to remember Howard, James Howell (Jim), Brig Gen.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Canton, China
Last Address
Bay Pines, FL

Date of Passing
Mar 18, 1995
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
section 34 site 2571

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 Military Association Memberships
Air Force Memorial (AFM)
  2015, Air Force Memorial (AFM) [Verified] - Assoc. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

James Howard was born on April 8, 1913, in Canton, China. He enlisted in the Aviation Cadet Program of the U.S. Navy on August 5, 1937, and was commissioned an Ensign and designated a Naval Aviator on February 23, 1939. Howard served on the aircraft carriers USS Wasp, Lexington, and Enterprise before resigning his commission on June 21, 1941, to serve with the Flying Tigers in China. He was credited with shooting down 2.333 Japanese aircraft in aerial combat, plus 4 more on the ground while strafing enemy airfields, before the Flying Tigers were disbanded in July 1942. Howard returned to the United States later that month, and was commissioned a Captain in the U.S. Army Air Forces on January 31, 1943. Howard flew combat with the 354th Fighter Group in Europe from May 1943 until early 1945, adding 6 more enemy aircraft to his credit, plus 1 probable and 2 damaged, for a total of 8.333 during World War II. He was next assigned as base commander of Pinellas Army Airfield, Florida, before leaving active duty on November 30, 1945, and entering the Air Force Reserve. He was promoted to Brigadier General in the reserves on March 22, 1948, and retired from the U.S. Air Force Reserve on October 1, 1966. James Howard died on March 18, 1995, and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.





General Howard had served as a Navy pilot aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CV-6), based at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in 1939..  He joined the 1st American Volunteer Group, the Flying Tigers, in China from 1941-1942. He flew 56 missions, shooting down 6 Japanese aircraft.

Then joined the Army Air Force, and was commissioned a captain  In 1943, he was promoted to the rank of major and given command of a P-51 Mustang fighter squadron in the 354th Fighter Group, based in the United Kingdom, flying the P-51.

Medal of Honor Citation:


For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy near Oschersleben, Germany, on 11 January 1944. On that day Col. Howard was the leader of a group of P51 aircraft providing support for a heavy bomber formation on a long-range mission deep in enemy territory. As Col. Howard's group met the bombers in the target area the bomber force was attacked by numerous enemy fighters. Col. Howard, with his group, at once engaged the enemy and himself destroyed a German ME. 110. As a result of this attack Col. Howard lost contact with his group, and at once returned to the level of the bomber formation. He then saw that the bombers were being heavily attacked by enemy airplanes and that no other friendly fighters were at hand. While Col. Howard could have waited to attempt to assemble his group before engaging the enemy, he chose instead to attack single-handed a formation of more than 30 German airplanes. With utter disregard for his own safety he immediately pressed home determined attacks for some 30 minutes, during which time he destroyed 3 enemy airplanes and probably destroyed and damaged others. Toward the end of this engagement 3 of his guns went out of action and his fuel supply was becoming dangerously low. Despite these handicaps and the almost insuperable odds against him, Col. Howard continued his aggressive action in an attempt to protect the bombers from the numerous fighters. His skill, courage, and intrepidity on this occasion set an example of heroism which will be an inspiration to the U.S. Armed Forces.

   
Other Comments:
General Howard had served as a Navy pilot aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CV-6), based at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in 1939..  He joined the 1st American Volunteer Group, the Flying Tigers, in China from 1941-1942. He flew 56 missions, shooting down 6 Japanese aircraft.

Then joined the Army Air Force, and was commissioned a captain  In 1943, he was promoted to the rank of major and given command of a P-51 Mustang fighter squadron in the 354th Fighter Group, based in the United Kingdom, flying the P-51.

Medal of Honor Citation:


For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy near Oschersleben, Germany, on 11 January 1944. On that day Col. Howard was the leader of a group of P51 aircraft providing support for a heavy bomber formation on a long-range mission deep in enemy territory. As Col. Howard's group met the bombers in the target area the bomber force was attacked by numerous enemy fighters. Col. Howard, with his group, at once engaged the enemy and himself destroyed a German ME. 110. As a result of this attack Col. Howard lost contact with his group, and at once returned to the level of the bomber formation. He then saw that the bombers were being heavily attacked by enemy airplanes and that no other friendly fighters were at hand. While Col. Howard could have waited to attempt to assemble his group before engaging the enemy, he chose instead to attack single-handed a formation of more than 30 German airplanes. With utter disregard for his own safety he immediately pressed home determined attacks for some 30 minutes, during which time he destroyed 3 enemy airplanes and probably destroyed and damaged others. Toward the end of this engagement 3 of his guns went out of action and his fuel supply was becoming dangerously low. Despite these handicaps and the almost insuperable odds against him, Col. Howard continued his aggressive action in an attempt to protect the bombers from the numerous fighters. His skill, courage, and intrepidity on this occasion set an example of heroism which will be an inspiration to the U.S. Armed Forces.

   
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 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
US Navy (USN)1st American Volunteer Group (1st AVG)USAAF Headquarters354th Fighter Group
356th Fighter SquadronDepartment of Defense (DOD)Air Force Reserve Command 96th Bombardment Wing, Heavy
  1937-1941, US Navy (USN)
  1941-1942, AAF MOS 1055, 1st American Volunteer Group (1st AVG)
  1942-1943, USAAF Headquarters
  1943-1945, 354th Fighter Group
  1943-1945, AAF MOS 1065, 356th Fighter Squadron
  1944-Present, Department of the Air Force, Pentagon
  1947-1966, 2, Air Force Reserve Command
  1948-1948, 96th Bombardment Wing, Heavy
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1945 World War II3
 Colleges Attended 
Pomona College
  1933-1937, Pomona College
 My Aircraft/Missiles
P-40 Warhawk/Kittyhawk  P-51/F-51 Mustang  
  1940-1942, P-40 Warhawk/Kittyhawk
  1943-1948, P-51/F-51 Mustang
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