Eareckson, William Olmstead, Col

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Colonel
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
AAF MOS 1060-Bombardment Unit Commander
Last AFSC Group
AAF - Pilot (Officer)
Primary Unit
1952-1954, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base
Service Years
1918 - 1954
Colonel

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
Maryland
Maryland
Year of Birth
1900
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSgt Robert Bruce McClelland, Jr. to remember Eareckson, William Olmstead, Col USAF(Ret).

If you knew or served with this Airman and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Baltimore, Maryland
Last Address
Sarasota, Florida

Date of Passing
Oct 26, 1966
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Section 37 Grave 692

 Official Badges 

Air Force Commander Air Training Command Instructor (pre-1966) Commander Headquarters Air Force

Air Force Retired


 Unofficial Badges 

US Army Honorable Discharge Cold War Medal


 Military Association Memberships
Air Force Memorial (AFM)
  2017, Air Force Memorial (AFM) - Assoc. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
He served in WWI, WWII, and the Korean War.  He is best known for being an innovative commander of combat operations against the Japanese in the Aleutians Campaign in WWII.
Eareckson Air Station, Shemya, Aleutian Islands, Alaska is named for him.

Synopsis of his DSC citation:
Awarded for actions during World War II
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Colonel (Air Corps) William Olmstead Eareckson (AFSN: 239A), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in aerial combat while serving as Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber and as Commander, 11th Bomber Command, ELEVENTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission against enemy Japanese surface targets during the period 3 to 18 June 1942, in the Aleutian Islands, Territory of Alaska. On that date, Japanese carrier planes attacked ill-prepared Dutch Harbor on Unalaska Island. Colonel Eareckson led a flight of B-26s through impossible weather in an attempt to find and attack the Japanese fleet with torpedoes, which he had scrounged from the Navy. After two relatively unsuccessful attacks, the enemy fleet withdrew and occupied Attu and Kiska Islands at the western end of the Aleutian chain. Colonel Eareckson's bombers attacked enemy island bases and shipping whenever fog and gale-force winds permitted. Colonel Eareckson earned the respect and devotion of his men by flying in every position--from left-seater to tailgunner. The Aleutian campaign ended with the Japanese evacuation of Kiska in August 1943. The personal courage and zealous devotion to duty displayed by Colonel Eareckson during this period have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 11th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.

General Orders: Headquarters, Alaska Defense Command, General Orders No. 61 (July 16, 1942)

Action Date: June 3 - 18, 1942

Service: Army Air Forces

Rank: Colonel

Company: Commander

Regiment: 11th Bomber Command

Division: 11th Air Force
 

His Navy Cross citation:
Awarded for actions during World War II
The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Colonel (Air Corps) William Olmstead Eareckson, United States Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism while participating in aerial flight while serving with the Bomber Command, ELEVENTH Air Force, during the seizure and occupation of enemy-held Attu Island, Territory of Alaska, from June 1942 to August 1942. Upon one occasion during these operations, Colonel Eareckson personally piloted his aircraft into a fog-shrouded and narrow pass on Attu Island to lead a supply plane to a group of U.S. troops suffering from exhaustion and frostbite. The supplies thus delivered undoubtedly contributed materially to the saving of their lives. Throughout the assault on Attu, Colonel Eareckson repeatedly flew extremely close to enemy anti-aircraft gun positions, deliberately drawing their fire, thus causing them to reveal their positions. He followed up these tactics by directing air attacks against the enemy positions so revealed, which resulted in neutralizing or destroying them. In addition, Colonel Eareckson made daily reconnaissance flights over and around Attu Island, and did so on days on which low ceiling and visibility prevented all other aircraft from taking off. His conduct throughout was in accordance with the highest traditions of the United States Military and Naval Forces.

Action Date: June 1942 - August 1942

Service: Army Air Forces

Rank: Colonel

Company: Bomber Command

Division: 11th Air Force

   
Other Comments:
Sources:
http://veterantributes.org/TributeDetail.php?recordID=1096
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_O._Eareckson
http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/1991/June%201991/0691valor.aspx
http://ranger95.com/airforce/af_groups/operations_gp/28th_og.htm
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=49176899
   
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  1918-1920, US Army (USA)
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Last Updated: yesterday
   
Memories For This Unit

Other Memories
He enlisted in the U.S. Army on February 27, 1918, and served in the Field Artillery in France during World War I, and in the Infantry after that.

   
My Photos For This Unit
No Available Photos
24 Members Also There at Same Time
US Army (USA)

Bertrandias, Victor Emile, Maj Gen, (1917-1955) [Other Service Rank]
Lawson, Walter Ralls, Capt, (1916-1923) 00 [Other Service Rank]
Menoher, Charles Thomas, Maj Gen, (1882-1926) [Other Service Rank]
Perrin, Elmer Daniel, Lt Col, (1917-1941) [Other Service Rank]
Hanley, Thomas James, Maj Gen, (1915-1952) Major General
Walton, Leo Andrew, Maj Gen, (1915-1949) Major General
Blackburn, Thomas Welch, Brig Gen, (1917-1952) 11 Brigadier General
Patrick, Mason Mathews, Maj Gen, (1882-1927) Brigadier General
Bolling, Raynal Cawthorne, Col, (1907-1918) A16 AAF MOS 2140 Colonel
Hale, Willis Henry, Maj Gen, (1917-1952) Major
Harmon, Hubert Reilly, Lt Gen, (1915-1956) 00 Major
Westover, Oscar M., Maj Gen, (1901-1938) Major
Elmendorf, Hugh Merle, Capt, (1917-1933) Captain
Kepner, William Ellsworth, Lt Gen, (1909-1953) Captain
Lyon, Edwin Bowman, Maj Gen, (1915-1952) Captain
Skeel, Burt Eugene, Capt, (1917-1924) 01 Captain
Aldrin, Edwin Eugene, Col, (1917-1956) Second Lieutenant
Cannon, John Kenneth, Gen, (1917-1954) 01 Second Lieutenant
Carr, Lawrence Joseph, Brig Gen, (1918-1946) Second Lieutenant
Craw, Demas Thurlow, Col, (1918-1942) Second Lieutenant
Eaker, Ira Clarence, Gen, (1917-1947) Second Lieutenant
Partridge, Earle Everard, Gen, (1918-1959) Second Lieutenant
Craw, Demas Thurlow, Col, (1918-1942) Corporal
Nackerud, Alf R., MSgt, (1916-1944) Private First Class
Partridge, Earle Everard, Gen, (1918-1959) Private First Class
Cashman, Edward John, TSgt, (1917-1941) 00 Private
Army Corps of Engineers

Patrick, Mason Mathews, Maj Gen, (1882-1927) Major General
Patrick, Mason Mathews, Maj Gen, (1882-1927) Brigadier General

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