Callaway, Raymond Leonard, Sr., Lt Col

 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Lieutenant Colonel
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
Last AFSC Group
Primary Unit
1945-1967, 1021A, Air Force Reserve Command
Service Years
1941 - 1967
Officer Collar Insignia
Lieutenant Colonel

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

7 kb

Home State
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSgt Robert Bruce McClelland, Jr. to remember Callaway, Raymond Leonard, Sr., Lt Col USAF(Ret).

If you knew or served with this Airman and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
Contact Info
Home Town
Granite Falls, Minnesota
Last Address
Grand Rapids, Minnesota

Date of Passing
Feb 19, 2005
Location of Interment
Itasca Calvary Cemetery - Grand Rapids, Minnesota
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Commander AAFTTC Instructor

 Unofficial Badges 

US Air Force Honorable Discharge US Army Honorable Discharge Air Ace American Fighter Aces Congressional Gold Medal

 Military Associations and Other Affiliations
American Fighter Aces Association
  2018, American Fighter Aces Association

 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
He was credited with destroying  6 enemy aircraft in aerial combat, plus 1 probable and 2 damaged during WWII.
He is  buried in Grand Rapids and also has a memorial stone in Sugar Grove Cemetery, Soldiers Grove, WI.

Other Comments:

 Photo Album   (More...

  1941-1942, AAF MOS 1055, 56th Fighter Group

Second Lieutenant
From Month/Year
December / 1941
To Month/Year
August / 1942
56th Fighter Group Unit Page
Second Lieutenant
AAF MOS 1055-Pilot, Single-Engine Fighter
Mitchel Field
New York
 56th Fighter Group Details

56th Fighter Group

Assigned 8th AAF: 12 Jan 1943

Wing/Command Assignment

VIII FC 12 Jan 1943
VIII FC, 4 ADW 30 Jun 1943
VIII FC, 65 FW 7 Aug 1943
2 BD, 65 FW 15 Sep 1944
2 AD, 65 FW 1 Jan 1945
Combat Aircraft:

P-47C 5 Feb 1943 to Apr 1943
P-47D Jan 1943 to Mar 1945
P-47M Jan 1945 to Sep 1945


KINGS CLIFFE 13 Jan 1943 to 5 Apr 1943
HORSHAM ST FAITH 5 Apr 1943 to 8 Jul 1943
HALESWORTH 8 Jul 1943 to 18 Apr 1944
BOXTED 18 Apr 1944 to 9 Sep 1945
LITTLE WALDEN 9 Sep 1945 to 10 Oct 1945

Group COs

Col Hubert Zemke 1 Sep 1942 to 30 Oct 1943
Col Robert B. Landry 30 October 1943 to 11 Jan 1944
Col Hubert Zemke 19 Jan 1944 to 12 Aug 1944
Col. David C. Schilling 12 Aug 1944 to 27 Jan 1945
Lt. Col. Lucian A. Dade Jr. 27 Jan 1945 to Aug 1945
Lt. Col. Donald D. Renwick Aug 1945 to Oct 1945

First Mission: 13 Apr 1943
Last Mission: 21 Apr 1945
Total missions: 447
Aircraft MIA: 128

Claims: Air 674 Ground 311.
Major Awards:

Two Distinguished Unit Citation:
20 Feb 1944 to 9 Mar 1944 foe destroying 98 enemy aircraft
18 Sep 1944 invasion of Holland in support of airborne forces

Unit Claims to Fame

Destroyed more enemy aircraft than any other 8th AF fighter Group.
Had more fighter aces than any other Fighter Group
Top Scoring fighter aces Francis Gabreski, and Robert Johnson flew with the 56th Fighter Group
First USAAF group to fly P-47
Only 8AF Group to fly P-47 throughout the War

Early History:

Activated on the 15th of January 1941 at Savannah AAB, Ga. Expansion of the Group began after the move to Charlotte AAB, NC in May of 1941 when they were equipped with a small number of P-39 and P-40 aircraft. IIntensive training at Charleston MAP, SC in Dec 1941 and from Jan to Jun 1942 at airfields in New York, at area headquarters at Mitchel field, NY. Here they flew on air defence patrols. Selected to train with the new P-47B they received the first aircraft in June of 1942. The group then moved to Bridgeport MAP, Conn on 7 July 1942 and continued testing and training with early P-47s. Alerted for overseas duty in December of 1942 they sailed on the Queen Elizabeth on the 6th of January 1943 and arrived in Gourock on the 11th of January 1943. The 647 aerial victories placed the group on the top of the 8th AF in that category and they finished second only to the 4th Fighter Group in combined air and ground victories. The group finished with a eight to one kill ratio.

Subsequent History:

Aircraft went to depots on September 1945. The remainder of the personnel went to Little Walden. they returned to the States on October 1945, sailing on the Queen Mary on the 11th of October 1945, and arriving in New York on the 16th of October 1945. The group was established at Selfridge field, Michigan and flew P-47s and P-51s until 1947, then they transitioned to P-80s and moved to O'Hare IAP, Ill on August 1955 and were equipped with F-86Ds, then they were reestablished as the 62 Fighter Intercepter Squadron with the F-101 Vodoos until 1969. Then the designation was given to a special operations wing in Thailand in 1967.

Radio Callsign: YARDSTICK (A Group) and ASHLAND (B Group)

These changed on April 22nd 1944 to FAIRBANK (A Group), SUBWAY (B Group)
and (C Group) PANTILE

In the middle of July 1944, 61st Fighter Squadron commander (and leading scorer of the 56th Fighter Group) LTC Francis S. Gabreski bounces an ME-109 for his final victory of the war. Within two weeks he would make himself a prisoner of war when, during a strafing run on an enemy airfield, he got too low and caught his propeller on the ground.

Francis "Gabby" Gabreski of the 56th Fighter Group

Hub Zemke - leader of the 56th Fighter Group






Combat - Fighter Units
Parent Unit
Fighter Units
Created/Owned By
Not Specified

Last Updated: Dec 10, 2019
Memories For This Unit

Other Memories
coastal patrol missions

My Photos For This Unit
No Available Photos
16 Members Also There at Same Time
56th Fighter Group

Comstock, Harold Elwood, Col, (1941-1971) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Major
Conger, Paul Albert, Lt Col, (1941-1958) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Major
Smith, Donavon Francis, Lt Gen, (1942-1973) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Major
Smith, Leslie Clark, Brig Gen, (1941-1962) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Major
Stewart, James Clarence, Lt Col, (1939-1966) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Major
Egan, Joseph Leo, Capt, (1941-1944) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Captain
Johnson, Gerald Walter, Lt Gen, (1941-1974) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Captain
O'Neill, Eugene Walter, Col, (1941-1964) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Captain
Powers, Joe Harry, Capt, (1941-1951) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Captain
Vogt, John William, Gen, (1941-1975) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Captain
Banks, William McGowan, Col, (1933-1963) A23 AAF MOS 1055 Second Lieutenant
Schilling, David Carl, Col, (1939-1956) Lieutenant Colonel
Johnson, Robert Samuel, Lt Col, (1941-1962) Captain
Zemke, Hubert A., Col, (1936-1966) Captain
Schiltz, Glen Dale, Maj, (1940-1951) First Lieutenant
Brown, Meade M., Maj, (1941-1950) Second Lieutenant

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