(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps) Brooke Empie Allen (ASN: 0-20465), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-17 Heavy Bomber and Commander of the 42d Bombardment Squadron, 11th Bombardment Group (H), HAWAIIAN Air Force, in aerial action against enemy Japanese Naval surface forces during the period 4 to 6 June 1942, at Midway. Lieutenant Colonel Allen led his squadron of B-17s in four attacks against the Japanese Task Force during the first two crucial days of the Battle of Midway. The gallant leadership, personal courage and zealous devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Colonel Allen on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Hawaiian Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
General Orders: Headquarters, Hawaiian Department, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 155 (1942)
Division: Hawaiian Air Force
He was also presented 2 foreign decorations not shown on the ribbon chart:
1. The Chinese Order of the Cloud and Banner, 6th Grade. 2. The Greek Order of the Phoenix, Knight Commander.
WWII - Pacific Theater of Operations/Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-43)
August / 1942
February / 1943
Description (Guadalcanal Campaign 7 August 1942 to 21 February 1943) On 7 August 1942 the first stage of the offensive began with landings by a Marine division on Guadalcanal and nearby islands. The Japanese reacted vigorously. They inflicted a serious defeat on Ghormley's naval forces in the Battle of Savo Island (8 August 1942), landed large numbers of reinforcements on Guadalcanal, and ultimately lost strong ground, air and naval forces in a desperate effort to hold Guadalcanal. Six major naval engagements were fought off the island. Air battles raged almost daily until the end of October 1942. On shore the issue was in doubt for almost three months. Before the island was finally secured in February 1943, the United States had committed two Marine divisions, two Army divisions, and an additional Army regiment to the fight. Late in February 1943 an Army division was unopposed in taking the Russell Islands, 35 miles northwest of Guadalcanal. The Allies thus firmly established themselves in the Solomons.