Barber, Rex Theodore, Col

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
34 kb
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Last Rank
Colonel
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
AAF MOS 1056-Pilot, Two-Engine Fighter
Last AFSC Group
Pilot (Officer)
Primary Unit
1945-1946, AAF MOS 1055, 29th Fighter Squadron
Service Years
1940 - 1961
Officer Collar Insignia
Colonel

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

34 kb

Home State
Oregon
Oregon
Year of Birth
1917
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSgt Harry McCown (Mac) to remember Barber, Rex Theodore, Col USAF(Ret).

If you knew or served with this Airman and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Culver, Oregon
Last Address
Terrebonne, Oregon

Date of Passing
Jul 26, 2001
 
Location of Interment
Redmond Memorial Cemetery - Redmond, Oregon
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Section L, Plot 548

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Air Ace American Fighter Aces Congressional Gold Medal


 Military Associations and Other Affiliations
Air Force Memorial (AFM)American Fighter Aces Association
  2015, Air Force Memorial (AFM) [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  2015, American Fighter Aces Association


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Participated in Operation Vengeance, the mission to shoot down Admiral Yamamoto, and credited with his shoot down, however controversial... (See
http://b-29s-over-korea.com/rexbarber/barber.html)

Barber was born and raised in Culver, Oregon. He was a student at Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon for a period of time, before being drafted.
[edit]Military service

Barber received his commission as a U.S. Army officer and his pilot's wings on October 31, 1941. He joined the 70th Pursuit Squadron, which arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, in December 1942. Flying a Bell P-39, he scored his first victory by downing a Japanese bomber on the 28th. Upon transfer to the 339th Squadron, he began flying P-38 Lightnings and claimed two Zero fighters on April 7.

On April 18, Lieutenant Barber figured prominently in the Yamamoto interception. Intelligence sources had learned that Yamamoto would be flying in a "Betty" bomber on an inspection tour of Japanese bases in the northern Solomon Islands. Most military historians credit Barber with the sole kill of Yamamoto's aircraft. Previously, Barber and Captain Thomas George Lanphier, Jr. were officially credited with half a kill each in Yamamoto's bomber. Barber also shared a second Betty destroyed on the same mission. In 2003, he was officially credited with the sole kill after an inspection analyzed the crash site and determined the path of the bullet impacts, thereby validating Barber's account and invalidating Lanphier's claim.

After his tour of duty ended in June 1943, then-Captain Barber requested a return to combat. Late that year, he joined the 449th Fighter Squadron in China, still flying P-38s. He claimed three further Japanese planes probably destroyed and damaged, but he was shot down on his 139th mission, bailing out near Kiukiang on April 29. He was rescued by Chinese civilians, who treated his injuries and escorted him to safety five weeks later. At the end of the war, Barber attained the rank of major and commanded one of America's first jet squadrons. He retired as a colonel in 1961.

Barber was awarded the Navy Cross, two Silver Stars, a Purple Heart,an Air Medal and numerous other awards over his military career, including the Veterans of Foreign Wars Gold Medal of Merit.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rex_T._Barber

Detailed histories, all copywritten, can be found in the Notes/Links section
   
Other Comments:
Notes/Links:

http://bluebook.state.or.us/notable/notbarber.htm
http://b-29s-over-korea.com/rexbarber/barber.html
http://home.att.net/~jbaugher1/p38_18.html
http://www.madraspioneer.com/News.html#barber (info on assign)
http://www.oregon.com/history/biography/rex_barber.cfm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rex_T._Barber
http://www.syma.org/oct99.pdf (correction of records regarding shoot down)
http://www.sprucegoose.org/aircraft_artifacts/Exhibits/Hall%20of%20Honor/col_rex_barber.html
http://www.southernoregonwarbirds.us/fa0.html
http://www.legionofvalor.com/citation_parse.php?uid=1060201966
http://www.crownpointchalet.com/pdf/admiral.isoroku.yamamoto.pdf
http://ussslcca25.com/who-shot.htm
http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WMKQ9
http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/st/~doniloharmon/page18.html (Barber in China where he became squadron commander until he was injured from his bail out after being shot down in April 1944)

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/08/01/us/rex-t-barber-pilot-who-downed-yamamoto-dies-at-84.html?n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/Subjects/N/Navies
   
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Korean War
From Month/Year
June / 1950
To Month/Year
July / 1953

Description
The Korean War; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.

Korea was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the closing days of World War II. In August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, as a result of an agreement with the United States, and liberated Korea north of the 38th parallel. U.S. forces subsequently moved into the south. By 1948, as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea was split into two regions, with separate governments. Both governments claimed to be the legitimate government of all of Korea, and neither side accepted the border as permanent. The conflict escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces—supported by the Soviet Union and China—moved into the south on 25 June 1950. On that day, the United Nations Security Council recognized this North Korean act as invasion and called for an immediate ceasefire. On 27 June, the Security Council adopted S/RES/83: Complaint of aggression upon the Republic of Korea and decided the formation and dispatch of the UN Forces in Korea. Twenty-one countries of the United Nations eventually contributed to the UN force, with the United States providing 88% of the UN's military personnel.

After the first two months of the conflict, South Korean forces were on the point of defeat, forced back to the Pusan Perimeter. In September 1950, an amphibious UN counter-offensive was launched at Inchon, and cut off many of the North Korean troops. Those that escaped envelopment and capture were rapidly forced back north all the way to the border with China at the Yalu River, or into the mountainous interior. At this point, in October 1950, Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war. Chinese intervention triggered a retreat of UN forces which continued until mid-1951.

After these reversals of fortune, which saw Seoul change hands four times, the last two years of conflict became a war of attrition, with the front line close to the 38th parallel. The war in the air, however, was never a stalemate. North Korea was subject to a massive bombing campaign. Jet fighters confronted each other in air-to-air combat for the first time in history, and Soviet pilots covertly flew in defense of their communist allies.

The fighting ended on 27 July 1953, when an armistice was signed. The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, and allowed the return of prisoners. However, no peace treaty has been signed, and the two Koreas are technically still at war. Periodic clashes, many of which are deadly, have continued to the present.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
June / 1950
To Month/Year
July / 1953
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  1200 Also There at This Battle:
  • Adams, Billy H., Capt, (1944-1970)
  • Adams, Harold (Jim), TSgt, (1951-1971)
  • Adolf, Gerald (Jerry), SMSgt, (1953-1980)
  • Ballard, Dewey, Col
  • Barboza, John, TSgt, (1952-1973)
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