Chapman, Philip Godfrey, Maj

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Major
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
AAF MOS 1055-Pilot, Single-Engine Fighter
Last AFSC Group
Pilot (Officer)
Primary Unit
1944-1945, AAF MOS 1055, 23rd Fighter Group
Service Years
1941 - 1945
USAAFOfficer Collar Insignia
Major

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

57 kb

Home State
Texas
Texas
Year of Birth
1919
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSgt Robert Bruce McClelland, Jr. to remember Chapman, Philip Godfrey, Maj.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Waxahachie, Texas
Last Address
Luliang Airfield, China

Casualty Date
Mar 28, 1945
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Land
Location
China
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Waxahachie City Cemetery - Waxahachie, Texas
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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World War II/China-India-Burma Theater/China Defensive Campaign (1942-45)
From Month/Year
July / 1942
To Month/Year
May / 1945

Description
(China Defensive Campaign 4 July 1942 to 4 May 1945) The China Theater of Operations more resembled the Soviet-German war on the Eastern Front than the war in the Pacific or the war in Western Europe. On the Asian continent, as on the Eastern Front, an Allied partner, China, carried the brunt of the fighting. China had been at war with Japan since 1937 and continued the fight until the Japanese surrender in 1945. The United States advised and supported China's ground war, while basing only a few of its own units in China for operations against Japanese forces in the region and Japan itself. The primary American goal was to keep the Chinese actively in the Allied war camp, thereby tying down Japanese forces that otherwise might be deployed against the Allies fighting in the Pacific.

The United States confronted two fundamental challenges in the China theater. The first challenge was political. Despite facing a common foe in Japan, Chinese society was polarized. Some Chinese were supporters of the Nationalist Kuomintang government; some supported one of the numerous former warlords nominally loyal to the Nationalists; and some supported the Communists, who were engaged in a guerrilla war against the military and political forces of the Nationalists. Continuing tensions, which sometimes broke out into pitched battles, precluded development of a truly unified Chinese war effort against the Japanese.

The second challenge in the China theater was logistical. Fighting a two-front war of its own, simultaneously having to supply other Allies, and facing enormous distances involved in moving anything from the United States to China, the U.S. military could not sustain the logistics effort required to build a modern Chinese army. Without sufficient arms, ammunition, and equipment, let alone doctrine and leadership training, the Chinese Nationalist Army was incapable of driving out the Japanese invaders. A "Europe-first" U.S. policy automatically lowered the priority of China for U.S.-manufactured arms behind the needs of U.S. forces, of other European Allies, and of the Soviet Union. The China theater was also the most remote from the United States. American supplies and equipment had to endure long sea passages to India for transshipment to China, primarily by airlift. But transports bringing supplies to China had to fly over the Himalayas the so-called Hump, whose treacherous air currents and rugged

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mountains claimed the lives of many American air crews. Despite a backbreaking effort, only a fraction of the supplies necessary to successfully wage a war ever reached southern China.

Regardless of these handicaps, the United States and Nationalist China succeeded in forging a coalition that withstood the tests of time. Indeed, Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, the Allied Supreme Commander, China Theater, accepted, though reluctantly, U.S. Army generals as his chiefs of staff. This command relationship also endured differences in national war aims and cultures, as well as personalities, until the end of the war. The original policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Army Chief of Staff George C. Marshall succeeded, China stayed in the war and prevented sizable numbers of Japanese troops from deploying to the Pacific.
 
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
January / 1944
To Month/Year
May / 1945
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  28 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Allen, George, Cpl, (1944-1946)
  • Beckwith, James Elmer, SSgt, (1940-1949)
  • Bock, Frederick, C., Maj, (1941-1945)
  • Harrison, Edward Farris, Lt Col, (1936-1949)
  • Pawlak, John M., Sgt, (1942-1945)
  • Sherman, Richard, Maj, (1940-1950)
  • Snow, Harold Sidney, Col, (1942-1972)
  • Standlee, James, Capt, (1942-1958)
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