Chapman, Philip Godfrey, Maj

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Major
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
AAF MOS 1055-Pilot, Single-Engine Fighter
Last AFSC Group
Pilot (Officer)
Primary Unit
1944-1945, AAF MOS 1055, 23rd Fighter Group
Service Years
1941 - 1945
USAAFOfficer Collar Insignia
Major

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

57 kb

Home State
Texas
Texas
Year of Birth
1919
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSgt Robert Bruce McClelland, Jr. to remember Chapman, Philip Godfrey, Maj.

If you knew or served with this Airman and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Waxahachie, Texas
Last Address
Luliang Airfield, China

Casualty Date
Mar 28, 1945
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Land
Location
China
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Waxahachie City Cemetery - Waxahachie, Texas
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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World War II/China-India-Burma Theater/India-Burma Campaign (1942-45)
From Month/Year
April / 1942
To Month/Year
January / 1945

Description
(India-Burma Campaign 2 April 1942 to 28 January 1945) China Burma India Theater (CBI) was an umbrella term, used by the United States military during World War II for the China and Southeast Asian or India-Burma (IBT) theaters. Operational command of Allied forces (including US forces) in the CBI was officially the responsibility of the Supreme Commanders for South East Asia or China. However: US forces in practice were usually overseen by General Joseph Stilwell, the Deputy Allied Commander in China; the term "CBI" was significant in logistical, material and personnel matters; it was and is commonly used within the US for these theaters.

Well-known US (or joint Allied) units in the CBI included the Chinese Expeditionary Force, the Flying Tigers, transport and bomber units flying the Hump, the 1st Air Commando Group, the engineers who built Ledo Road, and the 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional), popularly known as "Merrill's Marauders".

"We got a hell of a beating," Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell told the crowd of reporters in the Indian capital of New Delhi. It was May 1942, and the American general, who had only recently arrived in the Far East to assume the position of chief of staff to Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek, was chafing at failure in his first command in the field. Following the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor the previous December, the Japanese had won victory after victory, extending their empire from Wake Island in the Pacific to Malaya and Singapore in Southeast Asia. When Stilwell had arrived in the embattled Chinese capital of Chungking in March, the Japanese were already driving into Burma, capturing the capital of Rangoon on 6 March. The American general took command of two Chinese divisions and, in cooperation with the British and Indians, tried to stem the Japanese onslaught. Defeated, he and his staff endured a rugged, 140-mile hike over jungle-covered mountains to India. By occupying Burma, the Japanese had not only gained access to vast resources of teak and rubber, but they had dosed the Burma Road, 700 miles of dirt highway that represented China's last overland link with the outside world. The reopening of an overland route to China would be the major American goal, indeed obsession, in the theater throughout the campaign.
 
Strategic Setting
The objective of restoring a land route to China originated in part in hard strategic considerations, specifically the need to keep China in the war to tie down Japanese troops and serve as a base for future operations against the Japanese home islands. But it also reflected an idealistic American view of China as a great power, capable of a major contribution, and the romantic image held by many Americans of China's heroic struggle against superior Japanese equipment and arms. For nearly three years the United States would thus push for a major effort to break the Japanese blockade, forward large quantities of lend-lease materials, and train the fledgling Chinese Army and Air Force.  
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
January / 1944
To Month/Year
January / 1945
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  28 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Allen, George, Cpl, (1944-1946)
  • Beckwith, James Elmer, SSgt, (1940-1949)
  • Garnett, Eldred, MSgt, (1941-1962)
  • Harrison, Edward Farris, Lt Col, (1936-1949)
  • Orluck, George, S., Capt, (1938-1945)
  • Pawlak, John M., Sgt, (1942-1945)
  • Sikes, John Owen, SSgt, (1942-1945)
  • Snow, Harold Sidney, Col, (1942-1972)
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