Baldwin, Robert Percy, Col

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Colonel
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
1021A-Pilot
Last AFSC Group
Aircrew
Primary Unit
1965-1966, Headquarters, Air Training Command
Service Years
1939 - 1966
Colonel

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

85 kb

Home State
California
California
Year of Birth
1917
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSgt Robert Bruce McClelland, Jr. to remember Baldwin, Robert Percy, Col.

If you knew or served with this Airman and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Los Angeles, California
Last Address
San Marcos, California

Date of Passing
Apr 07, 1994
 
Location of Interment
Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery - San Diego, California
Wall/Plot Coordinates
SECTION MW SITE 142

 Official Badges 

Air Force Commander Headquarters Air Force Air Force Retired AAFTTC Instructor




 Unofficial Badges 

Cold War Medal Air Ace American Fighter Aces Congressional Gold Medal


 Military Association Memberships
American Fighter Aces AssociationAir Force Memorial (AFM)
  2015, American Fighter Aces Association
  2015, Air Force Memorial (AFM) [Verified] - Assoc. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
In Korea he destroyed 5 enemy aircraft in aerial combat and damaged 3.

His Silver Star citation:
Awarded for actions during the Korean War
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star to Colonel Robert P. Baldwin, United States Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving as Pilot of an F-86 Fighter Airplane and Commanding Officer of the 51st Fighter-Interceptor Group, in action on 22 June 1953, in Korea. Colonel Baldwin distinguished himself while leading four (4) F-86 type aircraft on a fighter sweep along the Manchurian Border. He sighted four (4) enemy MIG-15 type aircraft pressing an attack against two (2) friendly aircraft and immediately led his flight into the enemy. After successfully breaking up the enemy attack, Colonel Baldwin rolled down on the trailing MIG and fired a short burst into his left wing and fuselage. Colonel Baldwin continued to score numerous hits as heavy smoke poured from both wings and the enemy aircraft went into a steep dive through the clouds. Colonel Baldwin followed him through the cloud layer and pulled up sharply to avoid hitting the ground. Later reports confirmed the destruction of the MiG. By his personal courage and exceptional flying ability in this action, Colonel Baldwin is credited with destroying his fifth (5th) MIG-15 type aircraft. Throughout his tour, Colonel Baldwin's aggressive spirit and mental alertness have brought great credit upon himself and the United States Air Force.

Action Date: 22-Jun-53

Service: Air Force

Rank: Colonel

Company: Commanding Officer

Regiment: 51st Fighter-Interceptor Group

   
Other Comments:
Sources: 
http://veterantributes.org/TributeDetail.php?recordID=717
http://www.cieldegloire.com/014_baldwin_r_p.php
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=82935449
http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=24968
http://www.directart.co.uk/mall/profiles.php?SigID=995
http://sabre-pilots.org/classics/v13baldwin.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/71st_Fighter_Squadron#World_War_II
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Operations_Group
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/56th_Fighter_Wing#Stations
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/51st_Fighter_Wing#Stations
http://www.armyaircorps.us/51st_Fighter_Group.cfm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_P._Baldwin
https://www.ancestry.com
   
 Photo Album   (More...



World War II/European-African-Middle Eastern Theater
Start Year
1941
End Year
1945

Description
The European-Mediterranean-Middle East Theater was a major theater of operations during the Second World War (between December 7, 1941, and March 2, 1946). The vast size of Europe, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre saw interconnected naval, land, and air campaigns fought for control of the Mediterranean, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. The fighting in this theatre lasted from 10 June 1940, when Italy entered the war on the side of Germany, until 2 May 1945 when all Axis forces in Italy surrendered. However, fighting would continue in Greece – where British troops had been dispatched to aid the Greek government – during the early stages of the Greek Civil War.

The British referred to this theatre as the Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre (so called due to the location of the fighting and the name of the headquarters that controlled the initial fighting: Middle East Command) while the Americans called the theatre of operations the Mediterranean Theatre of War. The German official history of the fighting is dubbed 'The Mediterranean, South-East Europe, and North Africa 1939–1942'. Regardless of the size of the theatre, the various campaigns were not seen as neatly separated areas of operations but part of one vast theatre of war.

Fascist Italy aimed to carve out a new Roman Empire, while British forces aimed initially to retain the status quo. Italy launched various attacks around the Mediterranean, which were largely unsuccessful. With the introduction of German forces, Yugoslavia and Greece were overrun. Allied and Axis forces engaged in back and forth fighting across North Africa, with Axis interference in the Middle East causing fighting to spread there. With confidence high from early gains, German forces planned elaborate attacks to be launched to capture the Middle East and then to possibly attack the southern border of the Soviet Union. However, following three years of fighting, Axis forces were defeated in North Africa and their interference in the Middle East was halted. Allied forces then commenced an invasion of Southern Europe, resulting in the Italians switching sides and deposing Mussolini. A prolonged battle for Italy took place, and as the strategic situation changed in southeast Europe, British troops returned to Greece.

The theatre of war, the longest during the Second World War, resulted in the destruction of the Italian Empire and altered the strategic position of Germany resulting in numerous German divisions being deployed to Africa and Italy and total losses (including those captured upon final surrender) being over half a million. Italian losses, in the theatre, amount to around to 177,000 men with a further several hundred thousand captured during the process of the various campaigns. British losses amount to over 300,000 men killed, wounded, or captured, and total American losses in the region amounted to 130,000.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1943
To Year
1945
 
Last Updated:
Mar 31, 2016
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  3216 Also There at This Battle:
  • Achramowicz, Walter Theodore, Maj, (1942-1964)
  • Alcorn, Ernest Merton, TSgt, (1942-1945)
  • Allen, Herman Fredrick, Col, (1942-1945)
  • Allen, William Harry, Maj, (1942-1963)
  • Ananian, Stephen Carnig, 1st Lt, (1942-1945)
  • Armstrong, Donald C., SSgt, (1942-1945)
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