Arnold, James Edward, 1st Lt

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
First Lieutenant
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
1121Z-Pilot
Last AFSC Group
Aircrew
Primary Unit
1950-1952, 1121Z, 51st Fighter-Interceptor Group
Service Years
1950 - 1952
Officer Collar Insignia
First Lieutenant

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Washington
Washington
Year of Birth
1929
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by AB Raymond Guinn to remember Arnold, James Edward, 1st Lt.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Walla Walla
Last Address
Cho-do Island, South Korea

Casualty Date
Mar 11, 1952
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Land
Location
Korea, South
Conflict
Korean War
Location of Interment
Mountain View Cemetery - Walla Walla, Washington
Wall/Plot Coordinates
WALLA-CA-2-33-15

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Korean War
From Month/Year
June / 1950
To Month/Year
July / 1953

Description
The Korean War; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.

Korea was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the closing days of World War II. In August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, as a result of an agreement with the United States, and liberated Korea north of the 38th parallel. U.S. forces subsequently moved into the south. By 1948, as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea was split into two regions, with separate governments. Both governments claimed to be the legitimate government of all of Korea, and neither side accepted the border as permanent. The conflict escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces—supported by the Soviet Union and China—moved into the south on 25 June 1950. On that day, the United Nations Security Council recognized this North Korean act as invasion and called for an immediate ceasefire. On 27 June, the Security Council adopted S/RES/83: Complaint of aggression upon the Republic of Korea and decided the formation and dispatch of the UN Forces in Korea. Twenty-one countries of the United Nations eventually contributed to the UN force, with the United States providing 88% of the UN's military personnel.

After the first two months of the conflict, South Korean forces were on the point of defeat, forced back to the Pusan Perimeter. In September 1950, an amphibious UN counter-offensive was launched at Inchon, and cut off many of the North Korean troops. Those that escaped envelopment and capture were rapidly forced back north all the way to the border with China at the Yalu River, or into the mountainous interior. At this point, in October 1950, Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war. Chinese intervention triggered a retreat of UN forces which continued until mid-1951.

After these reversals of fortune, which saw Seoul change hands four times, the last two years of conflict became a war of attrition, with the front line close to the 38th parallel. The war in the air, however, was never a stalemate. North Korea was subject to a massive bombing campaign. Jet fighters confronted each other in air-to-air combat for the first time in history, and Soviet pilots covertly flew in defense of their communist allies.

The fighting ended on 27 July 1953, when an armistice was signed. The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, and allowed the return of prisoners. However, no peace treaty has been signed, and the two Koreas are technically still at war. Periodic clashes, many of which are deadly, have continued to the present.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
June / 1950
To Month/Year
December / 1952
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  1101 Also There at This Battle:
  • Adams, Billy H., Capt, (1944-1970)
  • Adams, Harold (Jim), TSgt, (1951-1971)
  • Adler, Junior Merle, 1st Lt, (1950-1951)
  • Adolf, Gerald (Jerry), SMSgt, (1953-1980)
  • Austin, Arthur Myles, Maj, (1939-1951)
  • Ballard, Dewey, Col
  • Beaulieu, Paul, CMSgt, (1949-1981)
  • Bennett, James, Col, (1940-1976)
  • Bennett, Jr., Chauncey Aubrey, Capt, (1950-1951)
  • Bivona, Michael, A1C, (1952-1956)
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