Garrison, Vermont, Col

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Colonel
Last Primary AFSC/MOS
99000-Basic Airman
Last AFSC Group
Special Identifiers
Primary Unit
1971-1973, 4661st Air Base Group
Service Years
1943 - 1973
Colonel

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

83 kb

Home State
Kentucky
Kentucky
Year of Birth
1915
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSgt Harry McCown (Mac) to remember Garrison, Vermont, Col.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Mt. Victory
Last Address
Mountain Home, ID

Date of Passing
Feb 14, 1994
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Commander Air Force Retired


 Unofficial Badges 

Cold War Medal Air Ace American Fighter Aces Congressional Gold Medal


 Military Association Memberships
Air Force Memorial (AFM)American Fighter Aces Association
  2015, Air Force Memorial (AFM) [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  2016, American Fighter Aces Association


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Vermont Garrison was born on October 21, 1915, in Mount Victory, Kentucky. He enlisted in the Aviation Cadet Program of the U.S. Army Air Forces on March 17, 1941, but before finishing training he joined the Royal Air Force, where he served until July 13, 1943, when he rejoined the U.S. Army Air Forces. After transition training in the P-47 Thunderbolt, Lt Garrison was assigned to the 4th Fighter Group in Europe where he was credited with shooting down 7.33 enemy aircraft in aerial combat. Garrison was shot down on March 3, 1944, and taken as a Prisoner of War by the Germans. He was liberated by the Russians on May 1, 1945, and remained in Europe as part of the Army of Occupation until 1946. Captain Garrison served in serveral fighter squadrons from 1947 to 1950 and was serving with the 4th Fighter Interceptor Wing when it was sent to Japan in support of the Korean War in early 1951. The Wing was moved from Japan to Korea in the Spring of 1951, and Garrison was credited with the destruction of 10 enemy aircraft between February and July 1953, for a two-war total of 17.33, which also made him one of only 7 men to become an ace in both World War II and Korea. Colonel Garrison again flew in combat during the Vietnam War, where he served as Vice Wing Commander of the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing from August 1966 to July 1967, flying 97 combat missions in the F-4 Phantom II. He next served as Commanding Officer of the 408th Fighter Group at Kingsley Field, Oregon, from July 1967 to August 1968. Col Garrison served as Vice Commander of the 26th Air Division at Adair AFS, Oregon, from August 1968 to June 1969, when he became Wing Commander of the 4780th Air Defense Wing at Perrin AFB, Texas, serving until July 1971. Col Garrison's final assignment was as Commander of the 4661st Air Base Group at Hamilton AFB, California, from July 1971 until his retirement from the Air Force on March 1, 1973. Col Garrison wears Command Pilot Wings and was credited with destroying 17.33 aircraft in aerial combat during WWII and Korea, with another 3 probables and 8 damaged. He died on February 14, 1994.

   
Other Comments:
His Distinguished Service Cross Citation reads:

The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Vermont Garrison, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Air Force, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Pilot with the 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, FIFTH Air Force, in action against enemy forces in the Republic of Korea on 5 June 1953. On that date, while leading a flight of four F- 86 aircraft near the Yalu River, Colonel Garrison sighted a formation of ten MIG-15s far below. Diving down, Colonel Garrison pressed dangerously close behind the lead MIG in order that the remainder of his formation could assume attacking positions. With one long burst of his guns, Colonel Garrison caused the MIG to explode and disintegrate. Then, at great risk to his life, Colonel Garrison flew directly through the debris from the explosion, in order to attack another enemy MIG and fully exploit the tactical advantage already gained. Courageously disregarding a hail of enemy fire from behind him, and in the face of heavy odds, Colonel Garrison, after violent maneuvering, closed on the second MIG, scoring hits which caused it to explode and crash. As a result of Colonel Garrison's intrepidity and keen flying skill, his flight was able to engage other MIGs in the forefront of the enemy formation, successfully destroying three of them. The enemy, having lost one-half of his force in less than two minutes, and thoroughly demoralized by the heroic and telling attack of Colonel Garrison and his formation, turned and withdrew from the scene of action in defeat. Through Colonel Garrison's selfless courage and inspiring leadership, the tide of battle was turned and his flight was credited with the destruction of five MIGs, two of which were destroyed by Colonel Garrison.
   
 Photo Album   (More...



Vietnam Defensive Campaign (1965-66)
Start Year
1965
End Year
1966

Description
This period was from March 2, 1965-January 30, 1966.
On June 29. I966. the USAF bombed petroleum storage and distribu-
tion facilities for the first time in the immediate vicinity of Hanoi and
Haiphong, after political leaders authorized limited and specific strikes
within the buffer zones for these cities. Gen. William W. Momyer
replaced General Moore as Seventh Air Force Commander on July l.
The United States expanded the Rotuwo Tittmou campaign as of July
9 to include petroleum targets in the northeast and rail lines and
highways between China and Hanoi. although the buffer zone on the
border limited targets. American aircraft also flew armed reconnais-
sance over North Vietnam.
On July 30. 1966. the USAF bombed targets in the dernilitariaed zone
(DMZ) to counter the build-up of North Vietnamese forces there. By
September the U.S. air campaign against North Vietnam had destroyed
or damaged two-thirds of the enemy's petroleum storage capacity.
several thousand trucks and watercraft. hundreds of rail cars and
bridges. and numerous ammunition and supply storage areas. Begin-
ning on February l4. I967. USAF aircraft hit additional strategic
targets in North Vietnam, knocking out major power plants. and
railyard repair facilities. But these results had little effect on the
enemy's ability to carry on the war. because the country possessed
only a small industrial base and imported most of its military materiel.
In the face of extensive air attacks. North Vietnam further strength-
ened iut air defenses. By January I967, the United States had lost 45
aircraft within 2 years. Antiaireraft guns and SAMs accounted for
most of the losses. but MiGs continued to challenge U.S. air strikes.
On January 2 the Seventh Air Force enticed a large MiG-2| force
over North Vietnam into battle against F-4s. The USAF pilots
destroyed 7 MiGs within I2 minutes without a loss. Four days later.
on January 6. the Seventh destroyed 2 more MiGs. and the North
Vietnamese temporarily abandoned aerial combat to regroup and
retrain.
In South Vietnam Allied forces continued search and destroy opera-
tions. blunting new Viet Cong and North Vietnamese offensives.
Between July I4 and August 4, 1966. U.S. Marines and South Viet-
namese troops battled North Vietnam Army forces near Quang Tri. 20
miles south of the DMZ. Later. between October I5 and November
26. the Allies engaged in a major battle with Viet Cong and NVA

forces northwest of Tay Ninh. near the Cambodian border. 60 miles
northwest of Saigon. Enemy resistance was light at first. but on
November 4. as ARVN and U.S. troops approached storage areas. the
Viet Cong and NVA counterattaclted. The Allies responded by
airlifting more troops. including elements of the U.S. Amty’s lst. 4th.
and 25th Infantry Divisions. and the l73rd Airborne Brigade. The
USAF provided close air suppon. and between November 8 and 25.
B-52s bombed targets in the area. The Allies drove the enemy from
the region temporarily. seizing weapons. ammunition. food. and other
supplies that the Communist forces left behind.
The next year. between Febmary and May I967, U.S. Anny units
joined ARVN forces to retum to Tay Ninh Province, about $0 miles
north of Saigon and l5 miles northeast of Tay Ninh. Seventh Air
Force C-l30s drtmped American paratroopers near the Cambodian
border to cut off the Viet Cong retreat. The airlifters also flew
reinforcements and supplies to the ground troops during this opera-
tion. With the help of forward air controllers flying O-ls. Air Force
F-I00 and F-4 pilots provided close air support. and AC-47 gunship
crews illuminated targets and conducted air strikes at night. Again,
the enemy withdrew into Cambodia. leaving behind weapons. sup-
plies. and ammunition.

In the panhmdle of Laos.’the USAF pounded enemy forces on the Ho
Chi Minh Trail. while in northem Laos U.S. pilots supported Allied
forces under attack. By August 1966 Laotian troops fighting Pathet
Lao insurgents had advanced. with the aid of U.S. close air support. to
Nam Bac. only 45 miles west of the North Vietnamese border and
about 55 miles northeast of Luang Prabang. an ancient city on the
Mekong River some 130 miles north of Vientiane. The Laotian gains
were short lived, however, and by February 2. I967. the insurgents
had regained lost territory and were in a position to attack the airfield
at Luang Prabang.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1965
To Year
1966
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  101 Also There at This Battle:
  • Adams, Roy O., CMSgt, (1967-1980)
  • Antonaccio, Joseph, Sgt, (1962-1968)
  • Barron, William, A2C, (1963-1967)
  • Broughton, Jacksel Markham, Col, (1942-1968)
  • Crawford, David, A1C, (1962-1966)
  • Donovan, William, Lt Col, (1959-1980)
  • Frazier, Robert R., MSgt, (1957-1968)
  • Hallmark, Jim, A1C, (1963-1967)
  • Hardy, Richard, A2C, (1962-1966)
  • Harrington, Scott, Capt, (1962-1967)
  • Hobby, Charles, A1C, (1964-1968)
  • HONEYCUTT, GEORGE, A2C, (1961-1965)
  • Hopkins, Dick, SSgt, (1961-1969)
  • Huff, Harry, TSgt, (1957-1977)
  • Johnson, Floyd (Lou), SMSgt, (1962-1988)
  • Johnson, Richard, CMSgt, (1959-1989)
  • Jones, Donald R., MSgt, (1960-1980)
  • Jones, Iredell, Capt, (1961-1966)
  • Jones, William, Lt Col, (1958-1982)
  • Lamb Jr., Allen, T., Lt Col, (1958-1978)
  • Littley, Daniel, Maj, (1961-1988)
  • Lockhart, Hayden J., Col, (1961-1981)
  • Marshall, Hayward, A1C, (1962-1966)
  • Mastaler, Terrell, A1C, (1962-1966)
  • Mathews, John, Maj, (1951-1971)
  • Mollohan, J.
  • Perkins, Joe, MSgt, (1958-1978)
  • Reinhardt, Gerald (Jerry), SSgt, (1978-1982)
  • Romano, Philip, Sgt, (1964-1968)
  • Simmons, Edward, CMSgt, (1962-1990)
  • Smith, Douglas C, Sgt, (1964-1968)
  • Tedesco, Raymond, SMSgt, (1965-1991)
  • Vick, Russell, Capt, (1963-1979)
  • Voit, Louis, Lt Col, (1962-1983)
  • Volk, Bob, SMSgt, (1964-2006)
  • Wass, Peter, SrA, (1962-1966)
  • Watson, Cecil, CCM, (1962-2005)
  • Webster, James, Lt Col, (1957-1988)
  • Wood, Troy, CMSgt, (1950-1984)
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